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Rethinking residential child carePositive perspectives$
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Mark Smith

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781861349088

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861349088.001.0001

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Other traditions of practice

Other traditions of practice

(p.151) ten Other traditions of practice
Rethinking residential child care

Mark Smith

Policy Press

The United Kingdom is unusual in locating residential child care professionally within social work. In most European countries, social pedagogy is the discipline underpinning work with children and youth. The aim of social pedagogy is to promote social welfare through broadly socio-educational strategies. This chapter considers what social pedagogy might offer to ways of thinking about residential child care in Britain. It also looks at other traditions of practice, particularly the North American model of child and youth care. Child and youth care, with its roots in residential child care, is the discipline involved in direct-care practice with children in North America and, increasingly, in developing countries such as South Africa. The chapter also considers the professionalisation of child and youth care, social care, and the Camphill communities as a distinctive (and in many respects a social pedagogic) approach to practice in Britain.

Keywords:   United Kingdom, residential child care, social work, social pedagogy, social welfare, child care, North America, professionalisation, social care, Camphill communities

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