This chapter presents a general survey of the different policy stages and products and the evaluation logic of different policy segments. It interprets the unfolding of a policy process in terms of the following four main stages — the placing of the problem to be resolved on the governmental agenda; the legislative and regulatory programming of the public intervention; the implementation of the political-administrative programme by means of action plans and formal acts; and the evaluation of the resulting effects. It argues that each of the six products resulting from the decision-making process can be defined from two perspectives, that is, substantive and institutional. It highlights that the duality between substantive and institutional aspects is also found at the level of the a priori purely institutional product, the political-administrative arrangement (PAA) established for policy implementation. It examines the effect of the games actors play on the substantive and institutional elements of policy.
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