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Social policy in ChinaDevelopment and well-being$
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Chak Kwan Chan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781861348807

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

Labour policy

Labour policy

(p.93) six Labour policy
Social policy in China

Chak Kwan Chan

King Lun Ngok

David Phillips

Policy Press

This chapter first provides a brief review of Chinese labour policy prior to the economic reforms. This is followed by an overview of labour policy changes in the reform era. The chapter then describes unemployment problems in the context of market transition and the Chinese government's policy responses. Moreover, the chapter explores the influence of the labour policy reforms, in particular the government's unemployment measures, from a well-being perspective. Changes in Chinese labour policies took place in the economic reform era. Unemployment rose to becoming a nightmare facing many Chinese workers, especially state workers. It is noted that the active employment policy mainly targeted laid-off and unemployed state-owned enterprise (SOE) workers. The labour market developed, and a more flexible employment system was established. While labour mobility increased, job security was reduced.

Keywords:   Chinese labour policy, economic reforms, unemployment, labour market, Chinese government, market transition, employment policy

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