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Social policy in ChinaDevelopment and well-being$
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Chak Kwan Chan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781861348807

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.001.0001

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Social security policy

Social security policy

(p.60) (p.61) five Social security policy
Social policy in China

Chak Kwan Chan

King Lun Ngok

David Phillips

Policy Press

This chapter explains the welfare functions of communes and work units before China's economic reforms. It also describes the new social security measures which came about after 1978 such as old age pensions in cities and the countryside, the Minimum Standard of Living Scheme, and the Five Guarantees. Moreover, the impact of China's social security reforms on the well-being of welfare recipients in the context of the modified human dignity framework is addressed. The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has nearly completely destroyed its core value of equality. The new social security system is biased towards both urban areas and people engaged in the labour market. It should be stressed that China has made remarkable progress in terms of poverty reduction.

Keywords:   social security policy, economic reforms, China, old age pensions, Minimum Standard of Living Scheme, Five Guarantees, labour market

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