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Social policy in ChinaDevelopment and well-being$
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Chak Kwan Chan

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781861348807

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861348807.001.0001

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The making of social policy in China

The making of social policy in China

(p.45) four The making of social policy in China
Social policy in China

Chak Kwan Chan

King Lun Ngok

David Phillips

Policy Press

This chapter examines the nature and organisational structure of the Chinese Communist Party. It also explains the key policy players in China's politics, including the Politburo Standing Committee, the National People's Congress and the State Council. Moreover, it discusses the process of policy making, and the key government departments responsible for making Chinese social policy such as the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, the Ministry of Civil Affairs, the Ministry of Health, the Ministry of Education and the Ministry of Construction. During the formulation of the Labour Contract Law, the most controversial issue was the guiding principle of the Law. The final version of the Law is a compromise between the interests of the employees and the employers. Many social policies cannot achieve their policy goals as originally proclaimed. As the pace of marketisation and decentralisation intensifies, Chinese civil society is also developing.

Keywords:   social policy, Chinese Communist Party, Politburo Standing Committee, National People's Congress, State Council, Social Security, Ministry of Civil Affairs, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Construction

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