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Landscapes of voluntarismNew spaces of health, welfare and governance$
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Christine Milligan and David Conradson

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9781861346322

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861346322.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 04 April 2020

Government restructuring and settlement agencies in Vancouver: bringing advocacy back in1

Government restructuring and settlement agencies in Vancouver: bringing advocacy back in1

(p.191) Eleven Government restructuring and settlement agencies in Vancouver: bringing advocacy back in1
Landscapes of voluntarism

Gillian Creese

Policy Press

Welfare state restructuring during the 1990s changed the landscape of settlement services in Vancouver, creating a more uneven geography of provision, and increasing gaps between community needs and the services available. The voluntary sector faces a potential loss of autonomy, distortion of agency mandates, dangers of increased bureaucratisation and commercialisation, greater difficulty responding to community needs, and decreasing ability to undertake advocacy, all of which potentially result in a loss of legitimacy. This chapter discusses the creation of new and diverse landscapes in the major urban centres in Canada. It presents a case study of Vancouver, illustrating that welfare state restructuring in the late 1990s fundamentally reshaped settlement services in Canada. The study examines how settlement agencies negotiated this critical period of initial restructuring, focusing on three large non-profit agencies that dominated settlement service provision in the Vancouver area: the Immigrant Services Society, the Multilingual Orientation Service Association for Immigrant Communities, and the United Chinese Community Enrichment Services Society. It is argued that restructuring changed the landscape of settlement services in several important ways. The most significant change, however, was the growing importance of what one settlement worker referred to as ‘big advocacy’.

Keywords:   legitimacy, Vancouver, advocacy, autonomy, bureaucratisation, settlement agencies

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