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Care and social integration in European societies$
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Birgit Pfau-Effinger and Birgit Geissler

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781861346049

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.001.0001

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Comparative approaches to social care: diversity in care production modes

Comparative approaches to social care: diversity in care production modes

(p.115) Six Comparative approaches to social care: diversity in care production modes
Care and social integration in European societies

Anneli Anttonen

Jorma Sipilä

Policy Press

This chapter provides a classification of care production modes in a welfare mix framework. The processes of care going public are elaborated by focusing on national social care patterns in Finland, Germany, Japan, the UK and the US. It then looks at why cultural explanations have developed into distinct systems and why these countries are now adopting partly similar ways of rearranging social care. The strategic choice made by the US has been to favour paid employment for women and men and the purchase of care from the market. The Japanese relied for a long time on the availability of unremunerated domestic work meeting stronger and stronger obstacles to maintain ideology on extensive family responsiblity. The basic choices made have been crucially affected by the position of women in the labour market. In some countries, the process of care going public has already met its limits.

Keywords:   social care, care production modes, Finland, Germany, Japan, UK, US, labour market

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