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Care and social integration in European societies$
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Birgit Pfau-Effinger and Birgit Geissler

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781861346049

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861346049.001.0001

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Gender, labour markets and care work in five European funding regimes1

Gender, labour markets and care work in five European funding regimes1

(p.49) Three Gender, labour markets and care work in five European funding regimes1
Care and social integration in European societies

Clare Ungerson

Policy Press

This chapter investigates the particular form of commodification previously identified as ‘routed wages’. The notion of a partnership between the welfare state and its caring citizens and its citizen care users is, at least notionally, developed. There were two examples of fully commodified ‘informal’ care: the Dutch system which is organised by the Social Insurance Bank and framed by welfare state legislation, and an arrangement organised by a major Catholic charity, Caritas, in Austria, which pays informal carers to care. The different funding regimes for ‘routed wages’ show that, as a result of regulation and whether or not relatives can be paid, they can have various impacts on the lives of the women (and men) caregivers/workers involved. Perhaps, the most important conclusion to draw is that the assumptions of increased independence and empowerment have to be tempered by the form in which the system is delivered.

Keywords:   gender, labour markets, care work, routed wages, welfare state, commodification, informal care, Social Insurance Bank, Caritas

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