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The changing face of welfareConsequences and outcomes from a citizenship perspective$
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Jorgen Goul Andersen, Anne-Marie Guillemard, Per H. Jensen, and Birgit Pfau-Effinger

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781861345929

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861345929.001.0001

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Paradoxes of democracy: the dialectic of inclusion and exclusion

Paradoxes of democracy: the dialectic of inclusion and exclusion

(p.93) Six Paradoxes of democracy: the dialectic of inclusion and exclusion
The changing face of welfare

Marina Calloni

Policy Press

This chapter seeks to challenge the concept of citizenship in the light of the main paradox of politics and democracy, consisting of the dialectic of inclusion and exclusion within a delimited territory. A reconstruction of the recent debate on social citizenship, multiculturalism, and cosmopolitanism – which refers to the transformation of the welfare state, the process of European unification, and the effects of globalisation – allows for the reconceptualising of the notions of marginalisation and social policy within a more complex international scenario. This factor should permit one to extend and, at the same time, to restrict the political/cultural boundaries of the nation/welfare state. Indeed, the main challenge consists of rethinking the normative basis and meaning of a ‘cross-borders’ democracy, social justice, and global governance, starting from local experiences.

Keywords:   citizenship, multiculturalism, cosmopolitanism, welfare state, marginalisation, social policy

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