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The changing face of welfareConsequences and outcomes from a citizenship perspective$
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Jorgen Goul Andersen, Anne-Marie Guillemard, Per H. Jensen, and Birgit Pfau-Effinger

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781861345929

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861345929.001.0001

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Conclusion: policy change, welfare regimes and active citizenship

Conclusion: policy change, welfare regimes and active citizenship

(p.257) Fifteen Conclusion: policy change, welfare regimes and active citizenship
The changing face of welfare

Jørgen Goul Andersen

Anne-Marie Guillemard

Policy Press

This chapter presents some concluding thoughts from the authors. It reviews the preceding discussions on the European welfare states and the changes they are undergoing. The chapter argues that ‘active citizenship’ is a way to summarise the new face of welfare. This notion opens new potentials as well as new threats for social security. It may lead to increasing polarisation between the weak and the strong, but this is not inevitable. It is a new battlefield that cannot be evaluated mechanically using the institutional criteria of the past.

Keywords:   welfare reform, active citizenship, European welfare states, social policy, social security

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