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The changing face of welfareConsequences and outcomes from a citizenship perspective$
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Jorgen Goul Andersen, Anne-Marie Guillemard, Per H. Jensen, and Birgit Pfau-Effinger

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9781861345929

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781861345929.001.0001

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Gender equality, citizenship and welfare state restructuring

Gender equality, citizenship and welfare state restructuring

(p.169) Ten Gender equality, citizenship and welfare state restructuring
The changing face of welfare

Birte Siim

Policy Press

This chapter uses the framework of citizenship to study the barriers and potentials for gender equality in the era of globalisation and welfare-state restructuring. In this frame, citizenship has two dimensions: a welfare-state dimension designating social policies, and a democratic dimension designating the participation and identities of citizens. The chapter first gives an overview of the dynamics of welfare-state restructuring in the era of globalisation, and discusses the implication of these shifts in policy logic from a male breadwinner model to a dual breadwinner or an adult-worker model for gender equality and inequality. Second, it looks at the trend towards individualisation and changes in the organisation of care work in post-industrial societies, discussing the potential for gender equality based on the Nordic example, often seen as an inspiration for gender equality. The last section addresses the role of European integration in relation to gender equality and social policies, and the tendency towards convergence and divergence in the European welfare state.

Keywords:   globalisation, welfare state, social policy, breadwinner model, individualisation, European integration

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