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Policy analysis in Japan$
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Yukio Adachi, Sukehiro Hosono, and Jun Iio

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9781847429841

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847429841.001.0001

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Policy analysis and normative theory

Policy analysis and normative theory

with a focus on social security policies

(p.57) Four Policy analysis and normative theory
Policy analysis in Japan

Wataru Sano

Policy Press

This chapter examines why public policies (especially social security policies) in Japan has long been fragmented and inconsistent. There must be many various reasons, but the chapter focuses on the absence of value analysis of public policy. In Japan, most policies have been created as a result of political compromise based on the incremental style of policy-making. Moreover, the objectives and ends of public policy are often ambiguous because most of the provisions of the laws in Japan have been vague and abstract. All of the flaws are thought to be caused, at least partly, by the absence of value analysis of public policy. Luckily or unluckily, rapid economic growth after the WW2 made prioritizing of public policies (and theoretical deliberation needed to prioritize) unnecessary. Additionally most of the scholars in Japan have not been interested in connecting normative theory and public policy. On top of that, many Japanese tend to think ethical problems cannot be solved by rational arguments. Due to the above reasons, public policies in Japan have long been fragmented and inconsistent.

Keywords:   social security policy, value analysis, normative theory, fragmentation of policy, scholars responsibilities

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