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Policy change, public attitudes and social citizenshipDoes neoliberalism matter?$
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Louise Humpage

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9781847429650

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847429650.001.0001

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Social citizenship, neoliberalism and attitudinal change

Social citizenship, neoliberalism and attitudinal change

(p.17) Two Social citizenship, neoliberalism and attitudinal change
Policy change, public attitudes and social citizenship

Louise Humpage

Policy Press

This chapter identifies the pivotal shift from a Keynesian policy regime that institutionalised social citizenship to one driven by neoliberal values. It highlights how social citizenship as an intellectual concept was widely institutionalised and supported in the period following World War II. Significant economic and political challenges, however, threatened the institutions supporting social citizenship in the 1970s and 1980s. Most notably, the concept of citizenship became market-focused and oriented towards active labour market participation as neoliberal values came to dominate political thought. The second part of the chapter outlines this process of neoliberalisation, which is understood to have been implemented across three phases but with differing levels of success in varied policy areas and countries. A third section explores what the empirical literature on policy feedback tells us about neoliberalism’s potential impact upon public opinion. It also highlights good reasons why these findings may not necessarily be applicable to the New Zealand case, requiring the kind of historical, multi-faceted analysis this book provides.

Keywords:   Keynesianism, social citizenship, neoliberalism, active citizenship, policy feedback, neoliberalisation

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