Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Children, risk and safety on the internetResearch and policy challenges in comparative perspective$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Sonia Livingstone and Leslie Haddon

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781847428837

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847428837.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 05 August 2021

Which children are fully online?

Which children are fully online?

(p.45) Four Which children are fully online?
Children, risk and safety on the internet

Ellen Helsper

Policy Press

Digital exclusion and low engagement with information and communication technologies (ICTs) by particular social groups is usually researched among adults. Little research is done in relation to children under the assumption that they are all digital natives and thus fully online. This chapter uses EU Kids Online data to examine whether there are differences in access among different groups of young European internet users. Education, gender and age are all associated with different types and quality of access but the strength of the relationship between these socio-demographic characteristics and access vary by country. These differences between European countries are associated with general, national level inequalities between education, gender and age groups, and with the level of internet diffusion within each country.

Keywords:   Digital inclusion, Internet access, Socio-demographic differences, Socio-economic inequalities, Cross-national comparisons

Policy Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.