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Children, risk and safety on the internetResearch and policy challenges in comparative perspective$
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Sonia Livingstone and Leslie Haddon

Print publication date: 2012

Print ISBN-13: 9781847428837

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2013

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847428837.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 02 April 2020

Explaining vulnerability to risk and harm

Explaining vulnerability to risk and harm

(p.297) Twenty-Three Explaining vulnerability to risk and harm
Children, risk and safety on the internet

Alfredas Laurinavičius

Rita Žukauskienė

Laura Ustinavičiūtė

Policy Press

This chapter investigates the socio-demographic and psychological factors associated with two types of online risk (bullying and sexual images) and harm, resulting from encountering these online risks. Age, gender, time spent online, sensation-seeking, self-efficacy, psychological difficulties and presence of offline risk were selected as predictors of risk and harm. The results show that all selected variables predict risks of both type, but the strongest predictor of both risks is experience of the same risks offline. Intensity of harm from an encounter with both online risks is associated with gender, the presence of psychological difficulties and an experience of the same type of risk offline. Presence of offline risk decreases intensity of harm. The results show that there is a strong connection between online and offline risks: as the internet comes into more frequent use, online and offline risks tend to coincide. The results support arguments for treating children's online reality not as separate from, but rather as part of, their usual reality.

Keywords:   Online risk, Online harm, Vulnerability, Socio-demographic factors, Psychological factors

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