- Title Pages
- List of tables and figures
- Notes on contributors
- One Theoretical framework for children's internet use
- Two Methodological framework: the EU Kids Online project
- Three Cognitive interviewing and responses to EU Kids Online survey questions
- Four Which children are fully online?
- Five Varieties of access and use
- Six Online opportunities
- Seven Digital skills in the context of media literacy
- Eight Between public and private: privacy in social networking sites
- Nine Experimenting with the self online: a risky opportunity
- Ten Young Europeans' Online environments: a typology of user practices
- Eleven Bullying
- Twelve ‘Sexting’: the exchange of sexual messages online among European youth
- Thirteen Pornography
- Fourteen Meeting new contacts online
- Fifteen Excessive internet use among European children
- Sixteen Coping and resilience: children's responses to online risks
- Seventeen Agents of mediation and sources of safety awareness: a comparative overview
- Eighteen The effectiveness of parental mediation
- Nineteen Effectiveness of teachers' and peers' mediation in supporting opportunities and reducing risks online
- Twenty Understanding digital inequality: the interplay between parental socialisation and children's development
- Twenty-one Similarities and differences across Europe
- Twenty-Two Mobile access: different users, different risks, different consequences?
- Twenty-Three Explaining vulnerability to risk and harm
- Twenty-Four Relating online practices, negative experiences and coping strategies
- Twenty-five Towards a general model of determinants of risk and safety
- Twenty-Six Policy implications and recommendations: now what?
- Appendix: Key variables used in EU Kids Online analyses
- (p.165) Thirteen Pornography
- Children, risk and safety on the internet
- Policy Press
This chapter aims to address the social anxiety around children and teenagers' encounters with online porn; it therefore focuses on research on children's experience of online sexual images. Starting from the premise that children's experience of online pornographic material is a socially constructed risk, the factors that may determine the probability of exposure to online sexual images and which children are more likely to be harmed by such an experience are explored. Three hypotheses are then formulated, a usage hypothesis, a risk migration hypothesis and a vulnerability hypothesis. The findings show that from this chapter's sample of 19,136 children who use the internet, only a minority (about 6,000) experience online sexual images. These findings confirm empirically what cultural studies-oriented approaches have been arguing for some time – that social, policy and academic concerns regarding the impact of pornographic content on young people are seriously overstated.
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