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Major thinkers in welfareContemporary issues in historical perspective$
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Vic George

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781847427069

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847427069.001.0001

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The Graeco-Roman world

The Graeco-Roman world

Epicurus (341–271 BC), Zeno (336–263 BC), Cicero (106–43 BC), Seneca (4 BC–65 AD) and Aurelius (121–180 AD)

(p.21) Two The Graeco-Roman world
Major thinkers in welfare

Vic George

Policy Press

This chapter begins by examining the period from the defeat of Athens and the ascendancy of the empire of Alexander the Great, until the supremacy of the Roman Empire. It was during this period when several ideologies of welfare emerged: cynicism, scepticism, Epicureanism, and stoicism. The chapter is primarily concerned with the last two, since they had something special to say about welfare. Epicureanism was the first major ideology that put forward taxonomy of needs for welfare, while Stoicism became the dominant ideology of imperial Rome.

Keywords:   ideology of welfare, cynicism, skepticism, Epicureanism, stoicism, taxonomy of needs, imperial Rome, dominant ideology

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