Plato (427–347 BC); Aristotle (384–322 BC)
This chapter talks about two contrasting approaches to human welfare. The first is the proposals of Plato for a communitarian society, which is evident in his books The Laws and The Republic. The second is the ideas of Aristotle for an enlightened and modestly interfering state, which are stated in his books Ethics and The Politics. It is emphasized that the ideas of Plato and Aristotle on human welfare refer to small city-states, and not to large nation states. The chapter also assesses their views with a degree of historical empathy.
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