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Changing Social EqualityThe Nordic Welfare Model in the 21st Century$
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Jon Kvist, Johan Fritzell, Bjorn Hvinden, and Olli Kangas

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781847426604

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847426604.001.0001

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Social inequalities in health: the Nordic welfare state in a comparative context

Social inequalities in health: the Nordic welfare state in a comparative context

Chapter:
(p.143) Seven Social inequalities in health: the Nordic welfare state in a comparative context
Source:
Changing Social Equality
Author(s):

Clare Bambra

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847426604.003.0007

This chapter examines health inequality — its definition, measurement and theory — and then examines the role of welfare states in determining overall population health outcomes. The main studies in the comparative epidemiological literature on European health inequalities are then summarised, with a focus on the relative performance of the Nordic welfare states. The effects on health inequalities of changes to the Nordic welfare state are also examined. The chapter then uses the theories of health inequalities to examine why it is that the highly decommodifying Nordic welfare states do not have the smallest health inequalities in Europe. It concludes by reflecting on how any further changes to the Nordic welfare model may impact on health inequalities in the future.

Keywords:   health inequalities, welfare state, comparative epidemiological literature, socio-economic status

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