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Changing Social EqualityThe Nordic Welfare Model in the 21st Century$
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Jon Kvist, Johan Fritzell, Bjorn Hvinden, and Olli Kangas

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781847426604

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847426604.001.0001

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Eroding minimum income protection in the Nordic countries? Reassessing the Nordic model of social assistance

Eroding minimum income protection in the Nordic countries? Reassessing the Nordic model of social assistance

Chapter:
(p.69) Four Eroding minimum income protection in the Nordic countries? Reassessing the Nordic model of social assistance
Source:
Changing Social Equality
Author(s):

Susan Kuivalainen

Kenneth Nelson

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847426604.003.0004

This chapter compares trends in the means-tested minimum income schemes in the four Nordic countries with those in Germany, the Netherlands and the UK over two decades. The chapter challenges the conventional picture of Nordic minimum-income amounting to a small proportion of the overall income protection provided as being generous and able to alleviate poverty to those who receive it. The study shows that the capacity of minimum-income schemes to protect recipients against poverty has been weakened, because of insufficient upgrading for keeping pace with general increases in earnings.

Keywords:   minimum income protection, social assistance, social safety net, Nordic welfare model, poverty incidence

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