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Child slavery nowA contemporary reader$
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Gary Craig

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781847426109

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847426109.001.0001

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Child trafficking: a modern form of slavery1

Child trafficking: a modern form of slavery1

(p.99) five Child trafficking: a modern form of slavery1
Child slavery now

de Glind Hans van

Policy Press

This chapter provides a detailed overview of the issue of child trafficking. Although the recruitment and movement involved in trafficking may appear voluntary at first, they eventually take on aspects of coercion by third parties. Girls, as with child domestic labour, are affected disproportionately, both for commercial sexual exploitation and domestic labour, whereas boys are more likely to be trafficked for forced labour. Critically, sexual exploitation, although dominant, is by no means the only form of child trafficking. A significant number of boys are also trafficked – both internally and externally from any one country – for sexual and other forms of exploitation. The chapter reviews key treaties, protocols, and conventions from 1949 that address the problem of child trafficking. Finally, it addresses a range of interventions demonstrated to be effective in fighting child trafficking, including stronger law enforcement and stricter, less ambiguous laws, as well as labour inspection, corporate social-responsibility mechanisms, and education.

Keywords:   child trafficking, sexual exploitation, forced labour, treaties, protocols, conventions, law enforcement, corporate social responsibility, education, labour inspection

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