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Child slavery nowA contemporary reader$
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Gary Craig

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781847426109

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847426109.001.0001

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Extreme forms of child labour in Turkey

Extreme forms of child labour in Turkey

(p.215) thirteen Extreme forms of child labour in Turkey
Child slavery now

Serdar M. Degirmencioglu

Hakan Acar

Yüksel Baykara Acar

Policy Press

This chapter examines extreme forms of child labour in Turkey, focusing on forced labour and child trafficking. The process through which these children are made to work is revealed as closely related to child slavery. Forced labour is a long-standing practice from northwestern Turkey of parents hiring children to better-off farmers. The other, a more recent phenomenon, involves children being trafficked to big cities and forced to join criminal rings. Both forced labour and child trafficking are consequences of poverty, but the possibilities for child exploitation are enhanced by the instability and lack of monitoring associated with the internal displacement of families. While agencies are becoming aware of the problem, their response is compromised by having little understanding of the fact that forced migration underpins many of the difficulties faced by children.

Keywords:   Turkey, child labour, forced labour, child trafficking, child slavery, forced migration, children, poverty, child exploitation, criminal rings

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