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Child slavery nowA contemporary reader$
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Gary Craig

Print publication date: 2010

Print ISBN-13: 9781847426109

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847426109.001.0001

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Birth registration: a tool for prevention, protection and prosecution

Birth registration: a tool for prevention, protection and prosecution

Chapter:
(p.175) ten Birth registration: a tool for prevention, protection and prosecution
Source:
Child slavery now
Author(s):

Cody Clarie

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781847426109.003.0011

This chapter, drawing on the experience of Plan International, describes the utilisation of birth registration as a tool to prevent child trafficking. In many countries, failure to register births often happens on a large scale because of a failure of government resources, inadequate administrative procedures, family poverty, a lack of awareness, limited political will, and corruption. Parents are also often discouraged by the prospect of taxation or even by the fear that registered children become, in due course, ‘visible’ for conscription into armies or slave armies. Yet this registration is the key to claiming a host of rights: in a sense it defines the child as existing at all, hence its enshrinement in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (Articles 7 and 8). It opens the way to healthcare, education, nationality, and to the formal labour market. In other words, birth registration can be an effective means of protecting children, preventing sexual exploitation, and prosecuting cases of child slavery.

Keywords:   Plan International, birth registration, child trafficking, healthcare, education, nationality, formal labour market, sexual exploitation, child slavery, children

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