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Child poverty, evidence and policyMainstreaming children in international development$

Nicola A. Jones

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781847424464

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847424464.001.0001

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(p.243) Index

(p.243) Index

Source:
Child poverty, evidence and policy
Publisher:
Policy Press

Note: the following abbreviations have been used: t – tables; f – figures

A
Abebe, T. 104t
Abeyasekera, S. 51
abortion 122, 147t, 239
Adolescent Development and Participation Unit (UNICEF) 72t
adolescent marriage
Africa 96t, 122, 238
Asia 137t, 138, 155
adult poverty see household-level poverty
advocacy
citizen-led policy advocacy 151–60
coalitions 57
community radio and 189–90, 193
expert-led policy advocacy 112–20
knowledge-policy interactions and 61–5, 69–71
NGO-led policy advocacy 184–91
transnational networks 59
Africa
abortion 239
adolescent marriage 96t, 122, 238
births 95
civil society organisations (CSOs) 106–7, 108–10t, 111, 113, 116–17
communities of practice 107, 108–10t, 111
expert-led policy advocacy 112–20
female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) 95, 96t, 122, 239
gender equality (MDG 3) 9, 22, 32, 92f, 93t, 118, 237
international donor agencies/investment 101–2t
knowledge generation 98, 99–100t, 102–3, 104–5t
knowledge-policy interactions 106–7, 108–10, 111–12t, 115–18
material well-being 89, 90–2f
maternal health 91
maternal mortality ratio (MMR) (MDG 5) 10, 93f, 93t, 94t, 122
orphans 95, 96t, 137t
participatory research 104–5t
primary education (MDG 2), 90f, 91t, 92f, 107
relational well-being 92–3f, 93t, 94–6t
research institutions 99–102t
Social Institutions Gender Index (SIGI) (OECD) 237–8t, 239
son preference 237–8t
subjective well-being 96, 97t, 98
under-five mortality (MDG 4) 89, 90, 91f, 91t, 92f, 94t, 95t, 123, 239
underweight children (MDG 1) 89, 90f, 91t
vulnerable children 95, 96t
‘without adequate care’ 95, 96t
African Child Policy Forum (ACPF) 12, 13t, 72t, 98, 99t, 108t
The African Network for the Prevention and Protection against Child Abuse and Neglect (ANPPCAN) 108t
agency 7, 18, 19f, 20t, 70
Ahmed, M. 120
Ahsan, M. 142t
Aitken, S.C. 41t
Albane, A. 105t
Alfini, N. 72t
Amnesty International 59
Amra (children’s organisation) 70
analytical approach 12, 114
Ansell, N. 49t, 83t
Appleton, S. 35
Argentina 193
argumentative model of policy processes 54, 64
artistic/evocative criteria 28t
Asia
adolescent marriage 137t, 138, 155
citizen-led policy advocacy 151–60
communities of practice 147–50t
female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) 137t
gender equality (MDG 3) 133–4f, 136t, 155, 163
knowledge generation 139, 140t, 141, 153–6
(p.244) knowledge-policy interactions 141, 144–6, 151, 156–7
material well-being 125, 126–31f, 132t
maternal mortality ratio (MDG 5) 134–5f, 136t
orphans 137t
participation research 142–3t
primary education (MDG 2) 125, 128–9f, 132t
relational well-being 133–5f, 136–8t
research institutions 140t
son preference 239–40t
subjective well-being 138t, 139t
under-five mortality (MDG 4) 130–1f, 132t, 136t, 137t
underweight children (MDG 1) 125, 126f, 132t
vulnerable children 137t
‘without adequate care’ 137t
Asia Against Child Trafficking (AACT) 147t
Associates for Change 99t
Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC) 101t
B
Baker, R. 142t
Bangladesh 70, 136t, 137t, 138, 142t
Barrett, H. 105t
Batbaatar, M. 39t
BBC World Service Trust 193
Becker, S. 27
Belgian Technical Cooperation (BTC) 101t
Ben-Arieh, A. 42t
Benin 94t, 95t, 109t
Bessell, S. 73t
Bethlehem, T. 96, 97t, 98, 104t
Biggeri, M. 42t
Black, M. 73t
Bolivia 123
Bonn, M. 97t, 98
Booth, D. 35
boys 173, 240
Brady, B. 73t
Brannen, J. 34, 51
Bristol University 13t
Brock, K. 55
Brookings Institute 63
Bukokhe, J. 97t, 98
Burkina Faso 94t, 95t, 96t
Burundi 95, 96t
C
Cahill, C. 36, 43t
Cambodia 110t, 136t, 137t, 148t
Camfield, L. 43t, 51, 97t, 98, 104t
Campaign Against Child Labour (CACL) 148t
Campaign Against Sex Selective Abortion (CASSA) 147t
Campbell Collaboration 51
Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) 101t
Caribbean
gender equality (MDG 3) 240, 241
knowledge generation 173–4, 175–6t, 177, 185
knowledge-policy interaction 177, 178–9, 180–1, 182–3t, 184, 185–8
material well-being 167, 168–9f, 169t, 170t
relational well-being 16, 170–1f, 171t, 172t
son preference 241t
subjective well-being 173t
Carter, S. 81t
Carvalho, S. 33, 35
Centre for Economic and Social Studies 153–4, 158, 164
Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (CSDS) 140t
Chakraborty, K. 142t
Chambers, R. 14, 35
change, 57t, 58–61
child deprivation indicators 13t
child development 9, 10–11
Child Development Index 13t
Child Friendliness of Policy Indices (ACPF) 13t
child labour 40, 146, 151, 155
child mainstreaming approach 66–7
Child Protection Alliance (CPA) 109t
Child Rights Information and Documentation Centre (CRIDOC) 99t
Child Rights Information Network (CRIN) 68
child rights-based approach 8–10, 66, 107, 113–14, 118, 139
child trafficking 146, 147t, 148t, 151, 155
Child Welfare South Africa (CWSA) 110t
Child Well-being Index 13t
Child Workers in Nepal Concerned Centre (CWIN) 140t
(p.245) Child and Youth Network 13t
Child and Youth Research and Training Programme (University of the Western Cape) 100t
child-centred approach 7, 29, 32, 53
Childhood 68
Childhood Education, Institute for 100t
Childhood Poverty Research and Policy Centre (CHIP) 30, 68, 100, 141
Children in Need Network (CHIN) 110t
Children’s Geographies 68
The Children’s Institute 100t
Children’s Rights Project 100t
Childwatch 68
Childwatch International Research Network 163
Choudhury, S. 20, 49t, 70, 84t
Christian Relief Development Agency (CRDA) 117, 119
Chronic Poverty Research Centre 30
civil society organisations (CSOs) Africa 106–7, 108–10t, 111, 113, 116–17
Latin America/Caribbean 186–7
Civil Society for Poverty Reduction 106
Clacherty, G. 104t
Clampet-Lundquist, S. 39t
Coalition to Fight Against Child Exploitation (FACE) 150t
Cochrane Collaboration 51
Collaborative Research and Dissemination (CORD) 140t
Colombia 34, 193
Committee for Liaison between Social Organisations for the Defence of Child Rights (CLOSE) 109t
Committee on the Rights of the Child 112t
communities of practice 107, 108–10t, 11, 147–50t
community radio 189–90, 193
Consortium for Research on Educational Access, Transitions and Equity (CREATE) 141
Consortium for Social and Economic Research (CIES) 188, 193
Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) 11t, 22
Convention on the Rights of the Child, see United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child
Cooper, E. 104t
Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa (CODESRIA) 99t
‘critical change’ criteria 27, 28t
Crivello, G. 44t, 97t, 98, 138t, 173t
D
Datta, A. 146
decentralisation 144–5, 153
Delamonica, E. 94t, 95t, 123, 136t, 137t
Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) 94t, 95t
Development Studies, Institute of 54
Directorate-General for Development and Co-operation (Belgium) 101t
Donald, D. 104t
donor agencies/investment 101–2t, 139–40, 186
E
Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) 14
education 9, 51, 107, 118, 133–4f, 152, 154, 155, 156, 159
Africa 90f, 91t, 92f, 107
Asia 125, 128–9f, 132t
Education for All campaign 107
Educational Psychology, Department for (Kenyatta University) 99t
End Child Prostitution, Child Pornography, Child Trafficking for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT) 110t, 148t
Ethiopia 39t, 40, 100, 116, 117
expert-led policy advocacy 112–20
maternal mortality ratio (MMR) (MDG 5) 94t
participatory research 104–5t
research institutions 99t
subjective well-being 97t, 138t
under-five mortality (MDG 4) 95t
Ethiopian Development Research Institute (EDRI) 116
European Union (EU) 102t
evaluation standards/principles 28t
Evans, A. 115
evidence-based policy movement 25–9, 56, 64, 111t, 114–15
(p.246) F
Family and Gender Studies, Institute of 140t
Fanelli, C.W. 74t
Fattore, T. 44t
Faulkner, D. 50t
female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C)
Africa 95, 96t, 122, 239
Asia 137t
Finance and Economy, Ministry of (MOFED) (Ethiopia) 116, 117
Fischer, F. 64–5
Fitoussi, J. 13
Foreign Affairs, Ministry for (Sweden) 102t
Foundation for Child Well-being 13t
Fragile Families and Child Well-being Study 38
Fraser, N. 15
G
Gambia 96t, 109t
Gaventa, J. 29, 55
Gender Empowerment Measure (GEM) (UNDP) 12
gender equality (MDG 3)
Africa 9, 22, 32, 92f, 93t, 118, 237
Asia 133–4f, 136t, 155, 163
Latin America/Caribbean 240, 241
German Development Cooperation (GTZ) 101t, 102
Ghana 94t, 95t, 99t, 102, 103, 105t
Ghana Centre for Democratic Development 106
Ghana NGO Coalition on the Rights of the Child (GNCRC) 109t
girls 18, 22, 32, 39, 96, 122, 138, 238, 239, 240
Global Childhood Poverty Study (UNICEF) 69, 103, 141
Gordon, D. 13
Gough, I. 15
Guatemala 34
Guinea Bissau 96t
Guyot, J. 104t
H
Halik, M. 139t
Harper, C. 68, 102t
Harpham, T. 86, 138, 139t, 143t
Hart, J. 74t
Hastadewi, Y. 142t
Hausermann, J. 9
Heidel, K. 74t
Help Age International 111t
Heritage Foundation 63
Herman, T. 41t
Hill, M. 45t, 75t
Hinton, R. 75t
HIV 94, 95, 122, 137, 155
Hogan, M.C. 93, 94t, 136t
Holland, J. 51, 52
households 11, 30, 32
household surveys 35t
household-level poverty 21, 29, 40, 98, 118, 187–8
Hovland, I. 117
Huebner, E. 45t
Human Development approach (UNDP) 10, 66
Human Development Index (HDI) 14
I
incrementalism models of policy processes 54
India 18, 97t, 138t, 140t, 142t, 143t, 146, 148t, 149t, 151–60
India Alliance for Child Rights (IACR) 148t
Indonesia 136t, 137t, 142t, 149t, 150t
infant mortality see under-five mortality (MDG 4)
Inter-African Committee on Traditional Practices (IAC) 108t
Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation (IGME) 122
Inter-American Development Bank 190
interactive model of policy processes 54
interceptor/receptor models of policy processes 54
‘interest group influence’ theories 58–9
international agencies 111–12t
International Development, Department for (DFID) (UK) 30, 102t
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) 107
International Labour Organization (ILO) 30
International Monetary Fund (IMF) 60
(p.247) International Observatory on Violence in Schools 112t
International Society for Child Indicators 12
Invernizzi, A. 75t
J
Jabeen, T. 143t
James, A. 39
John Hopkins University Centre for Refugee and Disaster Response 111t
Johnston, J. 173t
Jones, N. 48t, 68, 80t, 86, 162, 164
Journal of Childhood Poverty 68
K
Keck, M.E. 59–61, 62
Keenan, C. 105t
Kenya 94t, 95t, 99t, 104t
King, K. 118
knowledge generation
approaches 29–32
Asia 139, 140t, 141, 153–6
brokers 62–3, 86, 146, 147–50t, 151
evidence-based policy movement 25–9, 56, 64, 111t, 114–15
Latin America/Caribbean 173–4, 175–6t, 177, 185
mixed-methods knowledge 33–4, 35t, 36–8, 39t, 40, 114, 154
policy processes 68–9
studies 41–50t
translation/transfer 62
Knowledge, Technology and Society Research Team (KNOTS) 54
knowledge-policy interaction
advocacy 61–5, 69–71, 197
Latin America/Caribbean 177, 178–9, 180–1, 182–3t, 184, 185–8
L
Lansdown, G. 76t
Latin America, 16
civil society organisations (CSOs) 186–7
gender equality (MDG 3) 240, 241
knowledge generation 173–4, 175–6t, 177
knowledge-policy interaction 177, 178–9, 180–1, 182–3t, 184, 185–8
material well-being 167, 168–9f, 169t, 170t
relational well-being 170–1f, 171t, 172t
son preference 241t
subjective well-being 173t
Lavis, J. 64
Lister, R. 19t, 21
Lockheed, M. 145
Lolichen, P.J. 143t
Lukes, S. 29, 59
Lund, R. 76t
M
McGann, J. 193
McGregor, J.A. 14, 15
Magnuson, K. 38, 39t
Mahbub ul Haq Human Development Centre 140t
Malawi 94t, 95t, 96t, 99t, 105t
Malawi Economic Justice Network 106
Malaysia 139t
Mali 94t, 95t
Mannion, G. 46t, 77t
material well-being 14, 16, 17t, 18, 20t
Africa 89, 90–2f
Asia 125, 126–31f, 132t
Latin America/Caribbean 167, 168–9f, 169t, 170t
maternal health 10, 91
maternal mortality ratio (MMR) (MDG 5)
Africa 10, 93f, 93t, 94t, 122
Asia 134–5f, 136t
global/national 123
Maxwell, S. 9
Mayo, M. 77t
Measuring the Progress of Societies (OECD) 13
media 188–90, 193
middle-ground models of policy processes 54
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) 10, 11t, 13t, 22, 23, 60, 107, 200
Africa 9, 10, 22, 89, 90–1f, 91t, 92f, 92t, 93f, 93t, 122, 123, 237, 239
(p.248) Asia 125, 126–31f, 132t, 133–6f, 136t, 137t
Latin America/Caribbean 240, 241
Milne, B. 75t
mixed scanning models of policy processes 54
mixed-methods knowledge 33–4, 35t, 36–8, 39t, 40, 114, 154
Mniki, N. 77t
Monaghan, M. 29
Mongolia 39t, 137, 138
Moser, C. 33–4
Moses, S. 78t
Mozambique 94t, 95t
Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 30, 69, 95, 96t, 103, 123, 137, 141, 162
N
Naker, D. 46t, 78t, 105t
Namibia 123
National Action Plan for Ethiopian Children 119
National Alliance for the Fundamental Right to Education (NAFRE) 149t
National Child Development Study 38
National Coalition for the Elimination of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children 149t
National Education Research and Evaluation Centre (NEREC) 140t
National Institute for the Child and Family Development 140t
National Poverty Centre (University of Michigan) 38
National Research Foundation Unit for Child Development 100t
Nepal 136t, 137t, 140t, 142t, 143t
Network Against Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation in Andhra Pradesh (NATSAP) 148t
Network of Indonesian Child Labour NGOs (Jarak) 150t
‘new development anthropology’ approach to policy processes 54
Nguyen, T.T.T. 79t
Nigeria 122
Niños del Milenio project (Peru) 184–91
non-governmental organisations (NGOs) 8, 67, 69, 123, 146, 184–91
Nussbaum, M. 10
O
O’Malley, K. 79t
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 12, 13t
orphans 95, 96t, 137t
Overseas Development Institute (ODI) 102–3, 111t, 112t
Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI) 14
P
Pais, M.S. 187
Pakistan 140t, 143t
participation 7, 9, 16, 26, 30, 32, 34, 36, 37–8, 39, 40, 56, 67, 69–71, 103
factors mediating 72–85t
selected studies 41–50t, 104–5t, 142–3t
participatory poverty assessments (PPAs) 34, 35t, 36, 114
Patton, M. 27, 28t
Peru 18, 97t, 138t, 173t, 184–91
Pham, T.L. 48t, 80t
Philippines 140t
Pinkerton, J. 80t
Piron, L. 115
Plan 111, 112t, 151
Plan for Accelerated and Sustained Development to End Poverty (PASDEP) 113
politics 26, 61–2, 72t, 75t, 119, 154–5
policy processes
actors/networks 55, 57t, 61, 67, 120–1, 161–2, 191–2, 198–9
advocacy/knowledge-policy interactions 61–5, 69–71
approaches to analysing 54
change and role of knowledge 58–61, 113–14, 184–5
contexts/institutions 55–6, 57t, 58, 67–8, 121, 162, 192, 199–200
determinants of change 57t
(p.249) ideas/narratives 55, 56, 57t, 66–7, 120, 161, 191, 197–8
knowledge generation 68–9
‘policy spaces’ concept 54–5, 60, 145
political economy approach to policy processes 54
Porter, D. 144
Porter, G. 105t
poverty 7, 8–12, 13t, 195f
household-level poverty 21, 29, 40, 98, 118, 187–8
Poverty Action Network Ethiopia (PANE) 117
poverty-reduction strategy papers (PRSPs) 12, 26, 60, 89, 112–20
Powell, M.A. 47t
power 29, 41–50t, 55–6, 58, 114, 145
Pridmore, P. 80t
primary education (MDG 2)
Africa 90f, 91t, 92f, 107
Asia 125, 128–9f, 132t
Prout, A. 81t
Psychosocial Support and Children’s Rights Resource Centre (PST CRRC) 140t
Q
qualitative/quantitative research 29, 30, 31, 33–4, 35t, 36, 38, 39t, 40, 107, 114, 196
quality criteria 28t
R
rational models of policy processes 54
Ray, P. 81t
receptors receptivity model of policy processes 54
RECOUP 162–3
Redmond, G. 16, 19, 20t, 47t
relational well-being 14, 16, 17t, 18, 20t
Africa 92–3f, 93t, 94–6t
Latin America/Caribbean 170–1f, 171t, 172t
research institutions
African 99–102t
Asian 140t
Research on Poverty Alleviation (REPOA) 106
research-into-policy model of policy processes 54
Rich, A. 63
Ridge, T. 48t
Robson, E. 105t
Rosa, S. 77t
S
Sanderson, I. 26
Sapkota, P. 143t
Save the Children 13t, 81t, 111t, 113, 116, 151, 153
scientific criteria 28t
Selener, D. 36
Sen, Amartya 10, 13, 14
Senegal 99t
sequential research designs 51–2
Sharma, J. 143t
Shier, H. 82t
Sierra Leone 95, 96t
Sikkink, K. 59–61, 62
simultaneous research designs 51
Sinclair, R. 82t
Skelton, T. 82t
Smeeding, T. 38, 39t
Smith, A.B. 47t
social constructivist criteria 28t
Social Institutions Gender Index (SIGI) (OECD) 12, 13t, 237t, 238t, 239t, 240t, 241t, 242t
Somalia 22, 96t
son preference 237–8t, 239–40t, 241t
South Africa 97t, 98, 100t, 102, 110t
Southeast Asia Coalition to Stop the Use of Child Soldiers (SEASUCS) 147t
Southern African Network to End Corporal and Humiliating Punishment of Children (SANCHPC) 109t
Sri Lanka 140t
Start, D. 117
State of the World’s Children Reports (UNICEF) 66–7, 68
Statistical Information and Monitoring Programme on Child Labour (SIMPOC) 30
Stiglitz, J. 13
Structural Adjustment with a Human Face report (UNICEF) 66
sub-Saharan Africa see Africa
subjective well-being 14, 17t, 18, 20t, 24
Africa 96, 97t, 98
(p.250) Asia 138t, 139t
Latin America/Caribbean 173t
Sumner, A. 27, 28t, 51, 57, 86
surveys 34, 35t, 36
Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) 102t, 107
T
Tafere, Y. 97t, 104t
Tanzania 94t, 95t, 100, 105t, 106
Tarrow, S. 117, 187
Tata Institute for Social Sciences (TISS) 140t
Thailand 140t, 150t
Theis, J. 143t
think tanks 146, 193
Thompson, P. 38, 39t
Thorbecke, E. 35
three interconnecting streams model of policy processes 54
three-dimensional (3D) human well-being approach 8, 12, 14–15, 16, 157–60, 196–7
Tisdall, E.K.M. 83t
Tiwari, M. 86
Togo 95, 96t
Tribe, M. 27, 28t
truth and reconciliation commissions 60, 185, 188
Twum-Danso, A. 105t
U
Uganda 94t, 95t, 97t, 98, 105t, 110t
Uganda Child Rights NGO Network (UCRNN) 110t
under-five mortality (MDG 4)
Africa 89, 90, 91f, 91t, 92f, 94t, 95t, 123, 239
Asia 130–1f, 132t, 136t, 137t
underweight children (MDG 1)
Africa 89, 90f, 91t
Asia 125, 126f, 132t
UNICEF 8, 13t, 16, 23, 24, 30, 66–7, 69, 83t, 96t, 103, 111t, 122, 141, 151, 156
UNICEF Innocenti Centre 12, 13t, 24, 68
United Nations (UN)
Development Programme (UNDP) 10, 12, 13, 193
Economic and Social Afairs, Department for (UNDESA) 90f, 91f, 92f, 126–31f, 132t, 136t
General Assembly 8, 9–10, 13t
Population Division (UNPD) 122
United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) 7, 9, 11t, 13t, 17t, 22, 23, 29, 67–8, 196
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) 11t, 23
user committees 152, 154, 155, 156, 159
V
Van Blerk, L. 49t, 83t
Vandemoortele, J. 94t, 95t, 123, 136t, 137t
Varghese, N.V. 164
Vietnam 97t, 136t, 137t, 138t, 139t, 140t, 143t
Vietnamese Academy of Social Sciences 140t
visibility, vision and voice 7, 8, 18, 21, 31, 32, 37, 67, 113, 119, 195
vulnerable children 95, 96t, 137t
W
Webley, P. 139t
well-being 7, 13t, 14, 15t, 30, 31, 32, 113–115, 184–5, 195f
Well-being in Developing Countries (WeD) network 14, 23
Well-being Report Card (UNICEF Innocenti Centre) 12
Wells, K. 98, 139
Westcott, 144
White, H. 33, 35
White, S. 15, 20, 32, 49t, 70, 84t
White, S.C. 84t
Whitter, S. 97t, 98
Williams, E. 85t
‘without adequate care’ 95, 96t, 137t
Woldehanna, T. 39t, 40
Wood, G. 31
Woodhead, M. 50t
World Bank 60, 103, 122, 136t, 141
World Health Organization (WHO) 122
World Summit for Children (UN) (1990) 164
World Vision 111t, 151
(p.251) Y
You, D. 92t, 132t
Young, L. 105t
Young Lives (study) 30, 68, 98, 100, 114, 138t, 141, 173t
Z
Zambia 106, 110t