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Contemporary social evils$
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Joseph Rowntree Foundation

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781847424099

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847424099.001.0001

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Five types of inequality

Five types of inequality

(p.192) (p.193) 16 Five types of inequality
Contemporary social evils

Ferdinand Mount

Policy Press

This chapter's author caused a stir with his 2004 book Mind the gap, which acknowledged widening social inequalities. The chapter progresses the argument by suggesting that although strides were made towards more equal opportunities in the first three quarters of the twentieth century, it came to a halt through failure to address other inequalities that cause estrangement and resentment in society. In addition, income inequalities and unequal access to opportunities for social advancement are discussed, highlighting ‘inequality of treatment’. Equality is divided into five rough types: political equality, equality of outcome or result, equality of opportunity, equality of treatment and equality of membership in society. These types of equality are described separately. Both ideological wings fail to grasp that inequality is a complex evil. There are other sorts of fairness that must be addressed, the chapter ends by stating.

Keywords:   social inequalities, political equality, equality of outcome, equality of opportunity, equality of treatment, equality of membership, social evils

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