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The dispersal and social exclusion of asylum seekersBetween liminality and belonging$
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Patricia Hynes

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781847423269

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847423269.001.0001

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(p.183) Eight Conclusions
The dispersal and social exclusion of asylum seekers

Patricia Hynes

Policy Press

This chapter continues the argument that the asylum and dispersal systems create legislative and policy-imposed liminality. It observes that asylum seekers resist this liminality and different forms of belonging emerge that do not reflect official policy mechanisms designed to ‘integrate’ refugees, and run counter to the government's social and community cohesion agenda. It uses a theoretical continuum between liminality and belonging to show how there are ongoing and simultaneous processes of policy-imposed liminality and resistance to this imposed sense of liminality as a result of the design of dispersal and other asylum policies. It argues that the trajectory of asylum policy in the UK has increased the chances of liminality and mistrust being experienced. It concludes by bringing together the theoretical, empirical, and conceptual concepts of the preceding chapters.

Keywords:   dispersal systems, liminality, asylum seekers, belonging, refugees, community cohesion, asylum policies, UK

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