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The dispersal and social exclusion of asylum seekersBetween liminality and belonging$
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Patricia Hynes

Print publication date: 2011

Print ISBN-13: 9781847423269

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847423269.001.0001

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Social exclusion and refugees

Social exclusion and refugees

(p.1) One Social exclusion and refugees
The dispersal and social exclusion of asylum seekers

Patricia Hynes

Policy Press

This chapter provides an outline of how social exclusion relates specifically to refugees at a global level and how it relates to dispersed asylum seekers. It shows how the introduction of a centralised policy of dispersal has created a qualitatively different environment for asylum seekers. It notes this study is about one of the policy mechanisms — the compulsory dispersal of asylum seekers following the Immigration and Asylum Act 1999. It defines the meaning of the social exclusion of refugees — globally, in terms of Europe's asylum policies, and domestically. It explores asylum and immigration legislation as well as instances of refugees fleeing persecution over the past century. It examines continuities and differences with past cases of dispersal to show how the creation of a qualitatively new environment for people seeking asylum in the UK has occurred since the mid-1990s.

Keywords:   social exclusion, refugees, dispersal, asylum seekers, Immigration and Asylum Act, asylum policies, continuities, UK

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