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Securing respectBehavioural expectations and anti-social behaviour in the UK$
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Andrew Millie

Print publication date: 2009

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420947

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420947.001.0001

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Civilising offensives: education, football and ‘eradicating’ sectarianism in Scotland

Civilising offensives: education, football and ‘eradicating’ sectarianism in Scotland

(p.218) (p.219) nine Civilising offensives: education, football and ‘eradicating’ sectarianism in Scotland
Securing respect

John Flint

Ryan Powell

Policy Press

This chapter refers to the work of Norbert Elias on the Civilising Process and the work of Elias and Scotson on The Established and the Outsiders to explore how values, norms and habits become inculcated and reformed within populations. It is argued that the unparalleled contemporary policy crusade to address sectarianism in Scotland illustrates an example of a civilising offense. This chapter begins with an account of the key concepts within Elias's social theory of the civilising process. It describes how both anti-sectarianism and Respect agendas may be characterized as civilising offensives. The chapter then offers an account of prime elements of the governance of sectarianism in Scotland, with emphasis on the arenas of education and football. The chapter argues that an anti-sectarianism agenda is a symbol of an ambitious attempt to reframe and remodel the values and traditions of sections of the Scottish population within a ‘respect’ paradigm and to build a wider apparatus of government mechanisms to remodel and reshape the conduct of citizens. In this chapter the common rationales and techniques shared by both anti-sectarianism and Respect agendas are considered. The chapter also suggests that theories provided by Elias are important tools in understanding and critiquing social processes and governmental attempts to realign these processes.

Keywords:   Norbert Elias, values, norms, habits, sectarianism, Scotland, social theory, civilising offensives, governance of sectarianism, anti-sectarianism

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