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Europe enlargedA handbook of education, labour and welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe$
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Irena Kogan, Michael Gebel, and Clemens Noelke

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420640

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420640.001.0001

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Labour markets in Central and Eastern Europe

Labour markets in Central and Eastern Europe

(p.35) Two Labour markets in Central and Eastern Europe
Europe enlarged

Gebel Michael

Policy Press

This chapter begins with a short overview of the economic context of transformation, identifying important contextual factors such as the diversity of existing initial conditions and institutional economic reforms. It follows with an examination of trends and cross-country differences in labour market dynamics of the ten CEE countries. The focus lies on sectoral employment reallocation, changes in labour force participation rates and unemployment dynamics, with a specific focus on youth. The discussion looks at the role of employment in the informal sector and the incidence of flexible employment forms like labour contracts with limited duration and part-time work. It also discusses the nature of labour market institutions CEE countries adopted after the transition is discussed. Earlier research has singled out the dimensions of labour market regulations and industrial relations. The chapter also describes indicators like union density and the degree of centralisation/coordination.

Keywords:   economic development, economic transformation, CEE countries, sectoral employment reallocation, unemployment dynamics, labour market dynamics

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