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Europe enlargedA handbook of education, labour and welfare regimes in Central and Eastern Europe$
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Irena Kogan, Michael Gebel, and Clemens Noelke

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420640

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420640.001.0001

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(p.295) Eleven Romania
Europe enlarged

Mocanu Cristina

Policy Press

After the communist regime collapsed, the education system in Romania had to cope with several problems. The system was designed to provide skilled workers for an industrialised country, and, during the 1990s, the entire industry underwent a difficult and painful restructuring process. The Romanian labour market suffered from the economic restructuring process. Unemployment rates were moderate, but participation rates were quite low and a high share of people were engaged in the agricultural sector. These rates reveal that the Romanian labour market did not provide sufficient employment opportunities despite its strong economic growth in the new millennium. Unlike other Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, Romania did not embark on retrenchment in the area of social policies until the mid-to late-1990s. Unemployment benefit constituted the central policy measure for dealing with the rising number of unemployed in the course of restructuring.

Keywords:   CEE countries, labour market, education restructuring, economic restructuring, agricultural sector, unemployment benefit

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