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Religion, spirituality and the social sciencesChallenging marginalisation$
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Basia Spalek and Alia Imtoual

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9781847420411

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781847420411.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 20 September 2021

Muslims, equality and secularism1

Muslims, equality and secularism1

(p.37) Three Muslims, equality and secularism1
Religion, spirituality and the social sciences

Tariq Modood

Policy Press

In many European countries, roughly 5 per cent of the citizens is comprised of non-White citizens. It is believed that this number will rise to 50 per cent in the next decades, as this population is young and fertile. Of these non-White citizens, Muslims form a third of the non-White population. This newly settled population of Muslims is feared by many people in Europe because of terrorism associated with Muslims. Many of the centre-left intellectuals and social scientists fear that Muslims will be a threat to the Enlightenment heritage of Europe. There is a perception that Muslims are making politically exceptional, culturally unreasonable, and theologically alien demands on European states. This chapter uses the Islam case to examine how Europe copes with overt religious identities and politicised religious communities. It argues that the multicultural politics of Europe, specifically of Britain, must embrace moderate secularism and resist radical secularism to allow religious equality and multicultural equality.

Keywords:   Muslims, Europe, Islam, religious identities, religious communities, multicultural politics, moderate secularism, radical secularism, religious equality, multicultural equality

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