This book discusses the three epistemological interests, i.e., concerns the production of contingency; concretistic interest in the description of the constitution of the operational form of a partnership; and a diagnostic interest, which is about diagnosing the space of possibility of communicative practice. These epistemological interests are pursued by means of what Luhmann refers to as ‘observation of the second order’. Second-order observation is to observe observations as observations. This chapter focuses on communicated observations of partnerships or partnerships as communication. Second-order observation presupposes guiding differences for the establishment of a second-order perspective. A guiding difference creates the second-order perspective by dividing the world into second-order observation and the observed observations. Finally, the chapter describes the four analytical strategies (the semantic analysis, the form analysis, the formation analysis, and the coupling analysis), which are based on guiding the way in which observations are observed as observations.
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