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The Idea of Civilization and the Making of the Global Order$
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Andrew Linklater

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781529213874

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529213874.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 24 September 2021

Civilizing Processes at the Level of Humanity as a Whole

Civilizing Processes at the Level of Humanity as a Whole

Chapter:
(p.217) 7 Civilizing Processes at the Level of Humanity as a Whole
Source:
The Idea of Civilization and the Making of the Global Order
Author(s):

Andrew Linklater

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781529213874.003.0008

This chapter discusses Elias’s investigation of civilizing processes that have affected humanity as a whole and analyses his criteria for assessing the relative power of civilizing and decivilizing trends. Four criteria are considered – whether controls on violence are increasing or in decline; whether there are significant changes in the rely power of internal and external constraints on conduct; whether emotional identification between peoples is widening or contracting; and whether support for international planning to protect the vulnerable from the problems stemming from global interconnections is on the rise or is weakening. Those yardsticks inform the discussion of Huntington’s idea of a clash of civilizations and English School descriptions of the civilizing potential of international society. The chapter ends with reflections on the importance of shared symbols for a global civilizing process. It considers the complex relations between national-populist movements, images of future global ecological civilizing processes and the political challenges of the Covid-19 health and economic crisis.

Keywords:   Global civilizing processes, clash of civilizations, international society, political symbols

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