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Compassionate CapitalismBusiness and Community in Medieval England$
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Catherine Casson, Mark Casson, John Lee, and Katie Phillips

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781529209259

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529209259.001.0001

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Legacy: Cambridge in the 14th and 15th Centuries

Legacy: Cambridge in the 14th and 15th Centuries

(p.317) 7 Legacy: Cambridge in the 14th and 15th Centuries
Compassionate Capitalism

Catherine Casson

Mark Casson

John S. Lee

Katie Phillips

Policy Press

Chapter 7 connects the book to work on the subsequent history of Cambridge, including that on the development of the University. It considers the extent to which trends identified in the Hundred Rolls continued into the fourteenth century. Cambridge adjusted to the decline in its agricultural trade after the Black Death by developing its service sector, linked to university education. The role of family dynasties remained significant, but the period was characterised by the growth of three key institutions – the borough corporation, the guilds, and the colleges. College property holdings increased, driven by increasing student numbers, and the colleges gradually obtained rights to the meadows adjoining the river to the west of the town. The foundation of King’s College transformed the street plan in the west of Cambridge, obliterating many ancient streets and buildings, but providing new economic opportunities to supply the academic community.

Keywords:   University of Cambridge, Borough corporation, Guilds, Colleges, Cambridge

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