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Ethnic Segregation Between SchoolsIs It Increasing or Decreasing in England?$
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Richard Harris and Ron Johnston

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781529204780

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529204780.001.0001

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Does School Choice Add to Residential Ethnic Segregation?

Does School Choice Add to Residential Ethnic Segregation?

(p.113) 5 Does School Choice Add to Residential Ethnic Segregation?
Ethnic Segregation Between Schools

Richard Harris

Ron Johnston

Policy Press

The English systems of school choice and allocation may result in greater ethnic segregation between schools than between neighbourhoods. This chapter looks at that proposition and asks to what extent school levels of ethnic segregation reflect neighbourhood ethnic composition, where do they not, and for which types of school are the differences greatest? It makes a simple comparison of the segregation between schools and between neighbourhoods then, acknowledging the limitations of that comparison, employs a more sophisticated analysis to compare the diversity of schools’ intakes with what they would look like under a hypothetical system without choice. In the majority of cases, intakes into schools reflect the neighbourhoods that surround them and are not dissimilar to what would be expected under a neighbourhood-based system of pupil allocation. There is little evidence that the current system of school choice raises ethnic segregation substantially.

Keywords:   School choice, school types, competition, residential segregation, neighbourhoods, schools, Blackburn, Oldham, Tower Hamlets

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