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Transnational CriminologyTrafficking and Global Criminal Markets$
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Simon Mackenzie

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781529203783

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529203783.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 22 September 2021

Arms Trafficking

Arms Trafficking

(p.89) 6 Arms Trafficking
Transnational Criminology

Simon Mackenzie

Policy Press

This chapter addresses arms trafficking in four sections: the nature and extent of the harm; the structure of arms trafficking (considered in terms of source, transit and demand); regulation and control; and finally a discussion about arms trafficking as business enterprise. The various routines and usual patterns of arms trafficking are reviewed, including vulnerable stockpiles, markets in military weapons, state involvement, and large-scale trafficking, as well as consumer markets and small-time smuggling. The structure of arms trafficking networks is considered, looking at facilitators and brokers as well as the central players such as notorious high-level traffickers like Viktor Bout. Regulation and prosecution is shown to be challenging, with various factors inherent to this form of trafficking adding up to severe difficulties for those who aim to control the problem. As with other chapters, the final section works through the business aspects of arms trafficking, integrating emotional and cultural considerations into the cold economics of the crime, to give us a rounded view of the supply and demand dynamics in markets for illegal weapons.

Keywords:   Guns, Small arms, State crime, Corruption, Gun culture, Viktor Bout, Grey economy, Black markets

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