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Transnational CriminologyTrafficking and Global Criminal Markets$
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Simon Mackenzie

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781529203783

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: May 2021

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529203783.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 25 September 2021

Diamond Trafficking

Diamond Trafficking

(p.71) 5 Diamond Trafficking
Transnational Criminology

Simon Mackenzie

Policy Press

This chapter addresses diamond trafficking in four sections: the nature and extent of the harm; the structure of diamond trafficking (considered in terms of source, transit and demand); regulation and control; and finally a discussion about diamond trafficking as illicit business enterprise. The controversy around conflict diamonds is reviewed, along with the routines of mining, trafficking, refining and the marketplace. The changing nature of the international diamond market is noted, and the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme is discussed along with its critics. In the final section, we consider the symbolic nature of diamonds and the ideological work that has gone into creating this symbolism. Reports from brokers and traffickers in the diamond market are referred to in support of the proposition that diamond trafficking is framed by participants as ‘just business’.

Keywords:   Conflict diamonds, Blood diamonds, Kimberley Process, Marketing, Symbolism, Illegal trade, Corruption

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