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County LinesExploitation and Drug Dealing among Urban Street Gangs$
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Simon Harding

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781529203073

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529203073.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 16 May 2022

Controlling the Line: Exploitation and Sanctions

Controlling the Line: Exploitation and Sanctions

(p.143) 5 Controlling the Line: Exploitation and Sanctions
County Lines

Simon Harding

Policy Press

This chapter investigates how county line managers employ strategic and tactical actions to control their lines to keep them active and thriving: first, through exploitation and; second, via the County Line Control Repertoire, which provides multiple tactical sanctions for county line operatives to control the line. Exploitation by street gangs and organised crime networks is UK-wide. Within county lines, exploitation of both adults and young people is fundamental to all county line business models and is essential to achieving the profit margins making county line models a profitable enterprise. Child criminal exploitation within county lines can include grooming and selection, recruitment, running drug lines, interlay carrying drugs, hiding or carrying weapons, and money laundering. The chapter then considers the role of gender, with detailed insight into the exploitation, intimidation, and violence now ever-present in county lines via issues such as debt bondage.

Keywords:   county line managers, county lines, exploitation, County Line Control Repertoire, sanctions, county line operatives, street gangs, organised crime networks, child criminal exploitation, debt bondage

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