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ASEAN Resistance to Sovereignty ViolationInterests, Balancing and the Role of the Vanguard State$
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Laura Southgate

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781529202205

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529202205.001.0001

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The East Timor Humanitarian Crisis

The East Timor Humanitarian Crisis

(p.117) 4 The East Timor Humanitarian Crisis
ASEAN Resistance to Sovereignty Violation

Laura Southgate

Policy Press

This chapter analyses the East Timor humanitarian crisis of 1999. It shows how interest divergence between Indonesia, the United States, and Australia following the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis, led to external powers applying pressure on Indonesia, to elicit regime change in East Timor. In a weakened state, Indonesia was coerced into accepting an international peacekeeping force in East Timor, despite asserting that such a force would constitute an unacceptable breach of its state sovereignty. Critically, ASEAN institutional cohesion alone was not sufficient to prevent Indonesian sovereignty violation at this time.

Keywords:   ASEAN, East Timor, Indonesia, Sovereignty, United States, Australia, Financial Crisis

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