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Environmental Conflicts, Migration and Governance$
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Tim Krieger, Diana Panke, and Michael Pregernig

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781529202168

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529202168.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 28 September 2021

Conflict-Prone Minerals, Forced Migration and Norm Dynamics in the Kimberley Process and ICGLR

Conflict-Prone Minerals, Forced Migration and Norm Dynamics in the Kimberley Process and ICGLR

Chapter:
(p.197) 11 Conflict-Prone Minerals, Forced Migration and Norm Dynamics in the Kimberley Process and ICGLR
Source:
Environmental Conflicts, Migration and Governance
Author(s):

J. Andrew Grant

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781529202168.003.0011

This chapter examines if and under which conditions natural resource governance regimes can mitigate the likelihood of violent conflicts and, consequently, reduce sources of forced migration. Focusing on the trajectories of the Kimberley Process and the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR), the author specifically examines the norm dynamics in and the effects of these two governance regimes that strive to regulate conflict-prone minerals. By means of a ‘conflict-free mineral norm’ both regimes strive to regulate global supply chains that prevent illegal extractive activities, which have effects on environmental considerations and the violent conflicts that generate forced migration flows. While success rates are moderate, both governance regimes have increased transparency where it did not exist before. The chapter concludes by arguing that further academic research needs to be done to understand the complexities of the environmental-conflict mineral nexus.

Keywords:   Kimberley Process, ICGLR, conflict-prone minerals, forced migration, governance regimes, violent conflicts, norm dynamics, constitutive norms, definite norms, conflict-free mineral norm

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