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Environmental Conflicts, Migration and Governance$
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Tim Krieger, Diana Panke, and Michael Pregernig

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781529202168

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529202168.001.0001

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Migration Governance at the State Level: Policy Developments and Effects

Migration Governance at the State Level: Policy Developments and Effects

Chapter:
(p.121) 7 Migration Governance at the State Level: Policy Developments and Effects
Source:
Environmental Conflicts, Migration and Governance
Author(s):

Marc Helbling

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781529202168.003.0007

This chapter presents insights into the migration governance of host countries and its effects on immigration flows by drawing on the Immigration Policies in Comparison (IMPIC) dataset. The IMPIC dataset allows to fill a big gap in the literature and to take a closer look at how migration policies have developed over the last decades. The author argues that the immigration policies of OECD countries vary in terms of how liberal or restrictive they are. Between 1980 and 2010 immigration policies on family reunion, labor migration, and asylum have become more liberal. However, the control of these policies has become more restrictive, especially in the EU. Policies are more effective for migrant flows from countries with the same colonial heritage. The author analyzes migration flows in general and argues that while it is not yet possible to study environmental migration separately, it should follow the same pattern.

Keywords:   migration governance, migration policies, IMPIC, control mechanisms, migration flows, OECD, policy effects

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