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Environmental Conflicts, Migration and Governance$
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Tim Krieger, Diana Panke, and Michael Pregernig

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781529202168

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529202168.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 21 September 2021

The Individual Level: Selection Effects

The Individual Level: Selection Effects

(p.83) 5 The Individual Level: Selection Effects
Environmental Conflicts, Migration and Governance

Diane C. Bates

Policy Press

This chapter contributes to the explanation to how environmental migrants are ‘selected’ at the individual and small group level. It argues that individual decisions to migrate depend on the type of environmental change. The author distinguishes between sudden onset environmental problems (e.g. natural disasters) and slow onset environmental problems (e.g. climate change). Sudden onsets make push factors more important- They give migrants less power over their decision to migrate, and therefore include more vulnerable population groups. On the contrary, slow onset events create opportunities for individual agency. Governance can play an important role as it can influence migration and environmental change, especially on the local and state level. The author argues that democratic governance arrangements confer agency to individuals and non-democratic governance delimits it. Moreover, the management of sudden onsets in the short run can be more effective in non-democratic governance, while slow onset environmental changes call for democratic governance arrangements.

Keywords:   selection effects, individual selection, migration, environmental change, sudden environmental events, incremental environmental events, natural disasters, climate change, non-democratic governance, democratic governance

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