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Time, Migration and Forced ImmobilitySub-Saharan African Migrants in Morocco$
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Inka Stock

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781529201970

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529201970.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 16 September 2021

Waiting in Desperate Hope

Waiting in Desperate Hope

(p.129) 7 Waiting in Desperate Hope
Time, Migration and Forced Immobility

Inka Stock

Policy Press

This chapter is about the diverse strategies migrants use to ‘revolt’ against the absurd conditions they find themselves in by attempting to leave the country. The data presented in this chapter shows that migrants’ opportunities for leaving or staying are shaped by their capabilities to influence the forces of mobility on the one hand and luck on the other. Capabilities and luck, however, are both difficult to control in situations of extreme marginality. Therefore, rather than planning for departure, migrants have to wait for unpredictable opportunities to arise. The chapter focuses on the variety of waiting strategies that help migrants re-establish some sense of temporal and spacial order in their lives. By describing the process followed by migrants’ waiting for departure in desperate hope, the connection between time and social agency becomes evident. Waiting can be seen as an act of choice to create a new future within very limiting constraints for action in the present. In the conclusion, the findings are brought into connection with contemporary ideas about time and modernity in order to show why migrants ‘waiting creates such an uncomfortable situation for migration policy makers.

Keywords:   Waiting, Time, Desperate hope

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