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Employee Proactivity in OrganizationsAn Attachment Perspective$
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Chia-Huei Wu

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781529200577

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2020

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781529200577.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 06 July 2022

Employee Proactivity

Employee Proactivity

(p.1) One Employee Proactivity
Employee Proactivity in Organizations

Chia-Huei Wu

Policy Press

The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of the current research on employee proactivity and indicate the need to unpack a relational basis of proactivity based on attachment theory. The chapter starts with phenomena to illustrate employee proactive behavior in organization. The chapter then provides a brief review on three different perspectives to conceptualize employee proactivity (i.e., individual differences, behavioral and process perspectives) and the three identified motivational mechanisms of proactive behaivor: whether individuals feel capable of being proactive, whether they have some sense that they want to bring about a different future, and whether they have positive affect to foster their proactive actions. The chapter is concluded by indicating the need to understand the role of social relationships in shaping individual proactive behavior and the value of using attachment theory to understand such influence.

Keywords:   proactive personality, proactive behavior, motivation, attachment theory

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