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Diffusing Human Trafficking Policy in Eurasia$
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Laura A. Dean

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781447352839

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447352839.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 16 May 2022

Diffusing human trafficking policy adoption

Diffusing human trafficking policy adoption

(p.47) 2 Diffusing human trafficking policy adoption
Diffusing Human Trafficking Policy in Eurasia

Laura A. Dean

Policy Press

Chapter Two narrows the focus to a case study analysis of Russia, Latvia, and Ukraine and examines how human trafficking policies diffuse in these three most-similar case studies from Eurasia. The results demonstrate that internal determinants such as state commitment to human trafficking policy and interest group strength are more important to policy adoption than external pressures from the international community. Conversely, state capacity and bureaucratic restructuring impede policy adoption. Instead of identifying international influence as an all-encompassing reason for policy adoption, data suggested that policy adoption was influenced by multifaceted pressures such as the Palermo Protocol, US TIP reports, the Council of Europe, and EU and ultimately country dependent. The chapter argues that policymaking is more nuanced than blind compliance with international treaties, as the literature suggests, and reveals that there is no black box of policymaking because even in authoritarian (Russia) and semi-authoritarian (Ukraine) regimes, policymaking does not occur in a vacuum. This type of policymaking shows that interest groups and policy entrepreneurs work within the constraints of national policymaking to adopt human trafficking policies even in non-democratic political systems.

Keywords:   state commitment, regime type, internal determinants, interest group strength, international pressures, policy entrepreneurs

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