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Diffusing Human Trafficking Policy in Eurasia$
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Laura A. Dean

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781447352839

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447352839.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 25 July 2021

Contrasting policy approaches to human trafficking in Eurasia

Contrasting policy approaches to human trafficking in Eurasia

Chapter:
(p.23) 1 Contrasting policy approaches to human trafficking in Eurasia
Source:
Diffusing Human Trafficking Policy in Eurasia
Author(s):

Laura A. Dean

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447352839.003.0002

Although all the countries in Eurasia have adopted some sort of policy approach to human trafficking, there is significant variation regarding the scope of these laws across the region. Chapter One, traces this variation through development of human trafficking policies in all 15 countries of Eurasia. Gendered regulatory and redistributive policies embodied in human trafficking laws and policies in Eurasia can be typologized into five different approaches: criminal codes, national action plans, national laws, decree, regulation, or decision, and miscellanies policies. The chapter discusses the rapid diffusion and development of these laws throughout the region from 1998 when the first law adopted until 2015 including the leaders and laggards in Eurasia. The results show that authoritarian leaders utilize trafficking policies, masked in the language of international human rights norms, to increase their power and control their citizens. Additionally, stereotypes perpetuated in the trafficking policies of Eurasia, have produced their own regional type of ideal victim: ‘Natashas’ seemingly similar victims of sex trafficking with Slavic features (Hughes, 2000).

Keywords:   policy typology, gendered regulatory policy, redistributive policy, Natasha, human rights, leaders and laggards

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