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Policy Learning and Policy Failure$
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Claire Dunlop

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781447352006

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447352006.001.0001

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Policy failures, policy learning and institutional change: the case of Australian health insurance policy change

Policy failures, policy learning and institutional change: the case of Australian health insurance policy change

Chapter:
(p.113) 6 Policy failures, policy learning and institutional change: the case of Australian health insurance policy change
Source:
Policy Learning and Policy Failure
Author(s):

Adrian Kay

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447352006.003.0006

This chapter studies the connections between repeated assessments of policy failure, the catalysts of deinstitutionalisation, and subsequent opportunities for system-wide policy learning and reform. Selected evidence from the reform trajectory of Australian health insurance policy from the mid-1970s to late-1990s is used to explore these possible relationships. Here, failure delegitimised health policy institutions, making them increasingly vulnerable and giving them weak learning capacity to reform in anything but a suboptimal way. The result is a cycle of failure and dysfunctional learning. The Australian health insurance case allows one to catalogue at least one pattern of the relationships between policy failure, deinstitutionalisation, and learning. Three core analytical arguments underpin this pattern. First, policy failures create opportunities for learning at a system-wide level, only after institutions have been eroded and exhausted by repeated failure. Second, this first claim holds in both the expert and political inquiry dimensions of policy failure. Third, learning processes are related to the particular sequence of deinstitutionalisation processes; in particular, initial deinstitutionalisation in the expert domain creates the conditions for political learning processes.

Keywords:   policy failure, deinstitutionalisation, system-wide policy learning, system-wide policy reform, Australian health insurance policy, dysfunctional learning, learning processes, policy learning

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