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Ending Homelessness?The Contrasting Experiences of Denmark, Finland and Ireland$
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Mike Allen, Lars Benjaminsen, Eoin O'Sullivan, and Nicholas Pleace

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9781447347170

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2020

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447347170.001.0001

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Explanations: housing matters

Explanations: housing matters

(p.103) 5 Explanations: housing matters
Ending Homelessness?

Mike Allen

Lars Benjaminsen

Eoin O’Sullivan

Nicholas Pleace

Policy Press

Chapter 5 explores the role of Housing First and then the broader housing market, particularly social housing, in explaining the variations in outcomes described in previous chapters. The chapter argues that the scale of secure affordable housing and the targeting of those experiencing homelessness are crucial in reducing homelessness. The Irish do worse in this regard despite expending considerable amounts of public funding on the provision of social housing. This is because it largely relies on private providers to provide housing, with the gap between ability to pay and market rents made up by a housing benefit payment. Denmark retains a considerable stock of public social housing, but is facing tight housing markets in its major urban areas, particularly Copenhagen, where homelessness in concentrated. In Finland, the steady provision of secure affordable housing, coupled with a housing-led/focused response to homelessness have allowed for the provision of a significant number of secure tenancies for households experiencing homelessness.

Keywords:   Housing First Programmes, Housing First philosophy, Social housing, Affordable housing

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