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The Modern Slavery AgendaPolicy, Politics and Practice in the UK$
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Gary Craig, Alex Balch, Hannah Lewis, and Louise Waite

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9781447346791

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2019

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447346791.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 26 September 2021

Still punishing the wrong people: the criminalisation of potential trafficked cannabis gardeners

Still punishing the wrong people: the criminalisation of potential trafficked cannabis gardeners

Chapter:
(p.167) Seven Still punishing the wrong people: the criminalisation of potential trafficked cannabis gardeners
Source:
The Modern Slavery Agenda
Author(s):

Patrick Burland

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447346791.003.0008

This chapter examines the existing knowledge about human trafficking for cannabis cultivation in the UK, with a specific focus on how Vietnamese nationals are most commonly being exploited for this purpose. It then moves on to its main focus: the criminalisation of those potentially trafficked for cannabis cultivation. Trafficked persons who are exploited for the cultivation of cannabis in the UK are committing criminal offences under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. However, if people trafficked to grow cannabis are recognised as having been abused and exploited, and as victims of crime or human rights violations as a result of coercion and abuse, then punishing them should be seen as highly inappropriate. The criminalisation of trafficked persons is also counterproductive for efforts to prevent trafficking and prosecute traffickers.

Keywords:   human trafficking, cannabis cultivation, modern slavery, Vietnamese, labour exploitation, criminalisation

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