Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
The Allied Health ProfessionsA Sociological Perspective$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Susan Nancarrow and Alan Borthwick

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9781447345367

Published to Policy Press Scholarship Online: September 2021

DOI: 10.1332/policypress/9781447345367.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM POLICY PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.policypress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Policy Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in PPSO for personal use.date: 22 January 2022

The established allied health professions

The established allied health professions

Chapter:
(p.83) Three The established allied health professions
Source:
The Allied Health Professions
Author(s):

Susan Nancarrow

Alan Borthwick

Publisher:
Policy Press
DOI:10.1332/policypress/9781447345367.003.0004

This chapter explores in detail using the examples of optometry and radiography the early development of the well-established and more mature allied health professions who have had to negotiate their professional boundaries with the state and the medical profession. In many ways, it is these early disputes and negotiations that are responsible for shaping the modern health workforce and the allied health division of labour. Optometry and radiology constitute two clear examples of professions that may be regarded as established within contemporary mainstream healthcare. One has a long pre-modern history, with a degree of autonomy built on its claim to a unique knowledge base that is independent of medicine and a track record of retail business success; the other emerged firmly rooted in hospital practice comprising technicians competing with medicine within a medical sphere of practice. Optometry, historically male-dominated, was established prior to the advent of full medical hegemony and power; radiography, mainly female, arose within it. Yet, both continue to operate within limits to a scope of practice defined by the presence of two major medical specialities with which they closely interface: ophthalmology and radiology. Both groups have a clearly limited and subordinate role in the provision of healthcare within their own spheres, and both had to concede the right to make diagnoses within their fields of expertise. It is the latter that has so clearly influenced the limitations set on the prescribing of medicines for both groups, even in the current policy climate of workforce redesign and role flexibility.

Keywords:   allied health professions, optometry, radiography, modern health workforce, labour division, mainstream healthcare, ophthalmology, radiology

Policy Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.